Follow the discussions and decisions made on the future of the 2007-2013 programmes. What is Horizon 2020 or Erasmus+ and what will be the main changes compared to FP7, CIP and LLP?
Get to know other funds which give grants e.g. EUROSTARS, ERA-NET, EUREKA, Visegrad Fund, or find support outside the EU budget e.g. World Bank, Norwegian Fund, etc. or even find supplementary sources that are not necessarily grants e.g. EBRD, EIF, EIB.
Budget: 79.4 billion in current prices
Legal basis: Proposal 811 final 2011/0402 (CNS) of the of the European Commission for a Council decision of 30 November 2011 establishing the Specific Programme Implementing Horizon 2020 - The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020)
Link: Commission Regulation on Horizon 2020
, Presentation on H2020
Horizon 2020 will be an integrated programme that will cover all research and innovation funding currently provided through the Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). The different types of funding provided by the existing programmes will be brought together into a single coherent, flexible framework. It will provide funding for every stage of the innovation process from basic research to market uptake. Horizon 2020 is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union.
Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market.
Horizon 2020 is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 flagship initiative aimed at securing Europe's global competitiveness.Objectives
EU funding for research and innovation will be focused on three key objectives (Excellent science, Competitive industries and Better Society), implemented through specific programs and a dedicated financial contribution to the EIT. The primary aim of Horizon 2020 is to strengthen the EU's position as a world leader in science, to help make Europe a more attractive location to invest in research and innovation and to bring excellent research results to market which will deliver direct benefits to citizens, such as affordable health-care, protection against cyber crime, and the transition to a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy.
The Horizon 2020 programme consists of the following parts:
In addition, there is a specific programme named „Non-nuclear direct actions of the Joint Research Centre (JRC)”.
“Excellent science”, “Industrial leadership” and “Societal challenges” will be implemented by the Commission, which will adopt annual work programmes that contain descriptions of the actions to be financed, an indication of the amount allocated to each action, indicative implementation timetables, as well as a multi-annual approach and strategic orientations for the essential evaluation criteria and the maximum rate of co-financing.
The priorities should be implemented by a specific programme consisting of three Parts on indirect actions and one Part on the direct actions of the Joint Research Centre (JRC).
The specific objective “Strengthening Europe's science base in frontier research” under “Excellent science”, will be implemented by the European Research Council (“ERC”).
Source: The Council of the European Union - Agreement on Horizon 2020
(17 July 2013 press release)Eligibility
Horizon 2020 will be open besides the 28EU countries to:
-acceding countries, candidate countries and potential candidates, in accordance with the general principles and general terms and conditions for the participation of those countries in Union programmes established in the respective framework agreements and decisions of association councils or similar agreements;
-selected third countries that fulfil all of the following criteria:
(i) have a good capacity in science, technology and innovation;
(ii) have a good track record of participation in Union research and innovation programmes;
(iii) have close economic and geographical links to the Union;
Horizon 2020 groups the countries as:
1.industrialised and emerging economies
2.enlargement and neighbouring countries
Special new eligibility rules are not expected. Please check however the rules for third country participation.
Excellent ScienceBudget: EUR 24 441 million
The Excellent science programme aims at supporting world leading scientists in blue sky research, providing training and career development opportunities, developing future and emerging technologies and EU research infrastructures.
The specific objectives are:
- strengthening frontier research, through the activities of the European Research Council (ERC);
- strengthening research in Future and Emerging Technologies;
- strengthening skills, training and career development, through the Marie Sk≥odowska-Curie actions ("Marie Curie actions");
- strengthening European research infrastructures, including e-infrastructures.
European Research Council (ERC) will provide substantial grants to top-level individual researchers working in Europe (€13 095 million)
Future and emerging technologies (FET) opens up new fields of research and innovation. (€2 696 million)
Marie Curie Actions develops research and innovation skills through the training, mobility and career development of researchers (€6.162 million)
Funding of €2.488 million will also be available for supporting access to, and networking of priority European research infrastructures.
Independent researchers of any age, including starting researchers making the transition to being independent research leaders in their own right, from any country in the world will be supported.
Budget: EUR 17 016 million
“Industrial leadership” should help make Europe a more attractive location to invest in research and innovation by supporting major investments in key industrial technologies, by facilitating access to risk finance for innovative companies and projects, and providing Union wide support for innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises.
The scopes are:
- Boosting job creation
- Support innovation, increase market uptake
- Stimulate private investment in R&I
- Strengthen participation of innovative SMEs
Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies (€13 557 million) – the themes are the following:
- Information and Communication Technologies (ICT),
- Advanced materials,
- Advanced Manufacturing and Processing,
Access to risk finance (Debt facility, Equity facility and Specific implementation aspects) (€2 842 million).
Innovation in SMEs (Mainstreaming SME support and Specific support) €616 million.
Budget: EUR 29 679 million
The “Societal challenges” programme aim is to tackle the major issues affecting the lives of European citizens. It should increase the effectiveness of research and innovation in responding to key societal challenges by supporting excellent research and innovation activities.
The scopes are:
- Longer and healthier lives
- Reliable, clean, efficient energy
- Efficient use of resources for protection of our planet
- Inclusive innovation and secure policy
- Safe, secure food supply
- Smart, green transport
- Health, demographic change and well-being (€7 472 million);
- Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine and maritime and inland water research and the Bio-economy (€3 851 million);
- Secure, clean and efficient energy (€5 931 million);
- Smart, green and integrated transport (€6 339 million);
- Climate action,environment resource efficiency and raw materials (€3 081 million);
- Europe in a changing world - Inclusive, innovative and reflective societies (€1 309 million).
- Secure societies – Protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens (€1 695 million)
Science with and for society (€462 million)
Spreading excellence and widening participation (€816 million)
European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) (€ 2 711 million)
Non-nuclear direct actions of the Joint Research Centre (JRC)
Budget: EUR 1 903 million
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the in-house science service of the European Commission. Its mission is to provide scientific and technical support to EU policy making, thus operating at the interface between research and EU policy and to complement other Horizon 2020 funded research. It provides input throughout the whole policy cycle from conception to implementation and evaluation.
Council meeting news - accepted by the EP and the EC as well:
A simplified system consisting of a single reimbursement rate for eligible costs per research project would apply to all activities within a research project and to all participants. The reimbursement would reach a maximum of 100 % of the total eligible costs of a project, with a ceiling of 70 % for close-to-market actions and programme co-funded actions. A flat rate of 25% of the total direct eligible costs will be reimbursed to cover indirect costs. A "bonus " scheme was included in the agreement whereby eligible personnel costs can include supplementary payments made to personnel up to € 8 000 per person per year.
Updates, modifications in Horizon 2020 compared to FP7 | Download
updates from July 2013 are highlighted in orange
||Comments to Horizon 2020
||Research and Innovation
||Financial instrument to implement Innovation Union. Check also the other Europe 2020 flagship initiatives
||over 50 billion EUR
||ca 70 billion EUR
||Not such a significant increase - around 10-15%
||FP7, CIP, EIT
||More complex than FP7
||Cooperation, Capacities, People, Ideas, Euratom, JRC
||Excellent Science, Industrial Leadership, Societal challenges, JRC
||ERC (frontier research), Guarantee Fund, Risk Sharing Finance Facility
||Financing each stage of innovation, FET scheme logic
||DGs, ERC, REA
||DGs, ERC, REA, EIB, EIF
|Funding rate (up to) for research
|Funding rate (up to) for Demonstration - Newly called Innovation projects
||Different models (20%, 60% or actual)
||12 months in average after submission of proposal
||reduced to 8 months
|Ex-ante financial viability check
||All beneficiaries exceeding 500,000 EUR EU contribution
|Audit certificates to be submitted
||All beneficiaries exceeding 375,000 EUR EU contribution - cumulative in periods
||All beneficiaries exceeding 325,000 EUR EU contribution - only one at the end of the project
||Ex-post audits will be limited to 7% of the participants, the rule on the extrapolation on systematic errors will change
|Interest on pre-financing
||Reported by the coordinator
||No need to declare
||In all processes
||Continues in reimbursement rates, average personnel cost acceptance, unit costs, lump sums and flat rates, time-recording requirements, limited ex-post audits, no declaration on interest on pre-financing, VAT might be eligible, limited extrapolation on systematic errors, new Participant Portal and online admin system)
||"Cooperation" 10 themes
||go under "Industrial leadership" and "Societal challenges"
||FP7 Health: integrated in 'Health, demographic change and wellbeing challenge';
||FP7 Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology: integrated in the 'Food security, sustainable agriculture and the bio-economy' challenge, although enabling biotechnologies will be supported under 'Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies
||FP7 Information and communication technologies: support for enabling ICTs under 'Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies' and ICT applications within the relevant societal challenges;
||FP7 Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies: support for enabling technologies under 'Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies' and applications within the relevant societal challenges;
||FP7 Energy theme: in the 'Secure, clean and efficient energy' challenge (which also includes follow-up to CIP intelligent energy programme);
||FP7 Environment (including Climate Change): integrated in 'Climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials' challenge (which also includes the CIP eco-innovation actions);
||FP7 Transport (including Aeronautics): integrated in 'Smart, green and integrated transport' challenge;
||FP7 Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities: underpinning socio-economic and humanities in the 'Inclusive, innovative and secure societies' challenge; application of socio-economic sciences and humanities within all the societal challenges
||FP7 Space: integrated under 'Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies';
||FP7 Security: integrated within the 'Inclusive, innovative and secure societies' challenge.
|Frontier Research, ERC
||New in FP7 - Ideas block
||Continues, "Excellent Science" priority
|Technology Platforms and Joint Undertakings
||Set up, support
||Existing public-public and public-private partnerships may receive support and new ones may be launched
||Article 185 initiatives: the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP), Ambient Assisted Living (AAL), Baltic Sea
Research and Development Programme (BONUS), Eurostars and the European Metrology Research Programme. Further support may also be provided to the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) established under the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan). Article 187 Joint Undertakings: Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI), Clean Sky, Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR), Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH), and Embedded computing systems (ARTEMIS) and Nanoelectronics (ENIAC). Other: Factories of the Future, Energy-efficient Buildings, European Green Cars Initiative, Future Internet,
European Industrial Initiatives (EIIs) established under the SET Plan
||Important in many topics, actions. Three groupings: (1) industrialised and emerging economies; (2) enlargement and neighbourhood countries; and (3) developing countries.
||Strategic cooperation: European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials
Partnership (EDCTP2); Human Science Frontier Programme (HSFP); International consortium on rare diseases; International Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy Forum and the EU-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research; Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), and the Group on Earth Observations (GEO); Space Dialogues between the Union and the United States of America and Russia
|FET: Future and Emerging Technologies
||Under "Cooperation" specific FET calls
||Different Logic - under "Excellent science". Small and flagship projects will be supported as well (flagship - large-scale project, networking, long term)
|Marie Curie Actions
||Continuation from FP6 under People
||Scopes remain. under "Excellent science". New elements: Alumni services; newly qualifies PhDs are also target group
||under "Excellent science"
||Check the ESFRI Roadmap and e-IRG recommendations
|Key Enabling Technolgies
||themes under "Cooperation" mainly - ICT, Nanotechnologies, KBBE, Space, parts of Energy
||main component under under "Industrial leadrship" • Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Nanotechnologies,
Advanced materials, Biotechnology,
Advanced Manufacturing and Processing, Space
|Check the reports of the Expert Group here on KETs
|SME related actions, access to finance
||under "Capacities" specific funding scheme, under "Cooperation" SME focused topics and horizontally in FP7 15% of the budget to SMEs, Risk Sharing Finance Facility
||horizontally SMEs are a main target group Under "Industrial Leadership" the component Access to Risk Finance is targeting SMEs and the component "Innovation in SMEs" is dedicated to SMEs. COSME and Horizon 2020 will be complementing each other and more close coordination with Structural Funds will be also present. R&D performing SMEs will be supported under a specific scheme in "Innovation in SMEs"
||See also CIP EIP schemes 2007-2013 debt and equity financing with EIF and EIB and COSME 2014-2020 programmes. Management of equity and debt financing will be done by EIF and EIB, so check their web pages for details. The scheme supporting the market-oriented innovation of R&D Performing SMEs builds on the Eurostars initiative.
||Innovation in SMEs: all stages of innovation is financed. Phase 1: Concept and feasibility - positive outcome will allow going to phase 2; Phase 2: R&D, demonstration, market replication - focus on DEM. Phase 3: Commercialisation does not give direct funding, but the SMEs successful in Phase 2 can access finance under "Access to Risk Finance" component and benefit from other support measures
||Check the SBIR model http://www.sbir.gov/
|Enterprise Europe Network and supporting SMEs - soft measures (networking, reducing barriers, studies, etc)
||Support actions in specific themes and SME association schemes
||"Innovation in SMEs" actions, EEN support, IPR Helpdesk support, Eurostars Initiative support
||EEN support from CIP EIP between 2007-2013
|Combination of funds
||EU funds were complementary in 2007-2013, double funding was strictly prohibited
Combination of Horizon 2020 and Structural Funds will be possible - check carefully the rules later on because the same "cost item" cannot be reported to both. Only separate costs/activities.
Provisions from the debt facility may be combined, with the possible addition of grants (including lump sums), with provisions from the equity financial instrument in one or more integrated schemes
||Newly established in 2010
||the EIT will maintain its mission: integrating the knowledge triangle and experimenting with new approaches for innovation, notably involving the business community. It will also provide a stable base for its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). The EIT will consolidate existing KICs and will expand their number gradually. In order to fulfil its role as a test bed for new, simplified governance and funding innovation models, the EIT's current flexibility is to be preserved.
|Research Participants Portal
||New in FP7 - replaces CORDIS slowly in proposal development, management, etc. But research news and project database remains
||The whole set of practical arrangements for proposal and project implementation will also be revisited and streamlined. This includes the detailed provisions on the content and shape of proposals, the processes for turning proposals into projects, the requirements for reporting and monitoring, as well as the related guidance documents and support services. A major contribution to reduced administrative costs for participation will come from a single user-friendly IT platform for all interactions with participants, based on the FP7 Participant Portal.
|Link with Structural Funds
The purpose of the Cohesion Policy funds (Structural Funds) is to support capacity building and hereby reduce the significant economic, social and territorial disparities that still exist between Europe's regions. Cohesion policy funds are distributed based on pre-allocated global envelopes to the Member States and regions. This funding is implemented through a series of Operational Programmes and individual projects, including those supporting research and innovation. There are already substantial interactions between the EU's research and innovation policy and its Cohesion policy. In FP7, investments in building excellence and innovation capacity are made through the 'Regions of Knowledge', 'Research Potential' and 'Research Infrastructures' actions. At the same time, the Member States and regions have committed some EUR 86 billion from the EU's cohesion budget in the current programming period for actions supporting research and innovation. For the next programming period, Horizon 2020 will also contribute to research and innovation in the regions mainly by improving policy support, in order to build efficient smart specialisation strategies in full cooperation with Cohesion policy.
Check your local/regional/national smart specialisation strategies.
Ca. €80 billion budget has been accepted including the EURATOM budget.
The €80 billion total does not include the budget allocated to the three major infrastructure projects of the global positioning system Galileo, the ITER fusion project and the earth observation system Copernicus (formerly GMES).
Connecting Europe facility budget is also ring-fenced separately from the Horizon 2020 budget.